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The award-winning Phase Change Matters blog tracks the latest news and research on phase change materials and thermal energy storage. E-mail tips and comments to Ben Welter, communications director at Entropy Solutions. Follow the blog on Twitter at @PureTemp. Subscribe to the monthly PCM newsletter. Or join the discussion on LinkedIn.




    PCM battery shows promise in home heating system

    Ben Welter - Tuesday, September 15, 2020

    A home heating system equipped with a PCM battery put up encouraging numbers in a small trial in northern Italy earlier this year. The monthlong test “shows that is possible [for such a system] to supply the whole heating demand of a house reducing close to zero the costs,” says Domenico Feo, who developed the system. The full report, prepared by ThermaLink, a trademark of Sunservice Srl of Treviso, Italy, is available here.

    ThermaCubeThe system is composed of a 6 kW solar array, an air/water heat pump and a thermal battery filled with BioPCM Q42, a biobased phase change material supplied by Phase Change Energy Solutions of Asheboro, N.C. A control unit, PCDCube, monitors temperatures and manages energy flow to optimize system performance. In an interview with Phase Change Matters, Feo answered questions about the heat battery, recently rebranded as ThermaCube.

    Q: Thermal conductivity has proven to be a challenge in thermal energy storage across most types of PCM. Was conductivity an issue with the required charge/discharge cycles?

    A: "As already known, the thermal conductivity of the PCM, especially of the organic one that we use, is low. This is, at the same time, a disadvantage and an advantage. The disadvantage has been minimized in using a heat exchanger made with a flat aluminum panel with the various layers just over 1 inch of distance; in this way we are able to make the entire volume of material work in a very efficient way. Vice versa this is an advantage for the very low heat losses during the non-work phases; in conditions of installations inside the buildings, the temperatures can be maintained for several days."

    Q: If faster heat transfer is required, do you envision a redesign of the heat exchanger or a modification of the PCM to meet the demand of the energy transfer?

    A: "As manufacturer, we can customize the heat exchanger dimensions and shape in order to achieve our goals, but as always in the industrial scalability, the quantities are mandatory for a good price. We designed a single heat exchanger dimension and multiply it in order to be able to produce the different storage capacities and realize a complete modular range. The transfer of energy can be however accelerated by increasing the flow rate of the fluid and the delta T between the fluid and the melting point, of course there is always a limit to this possibility. There are still studies around this point that need to be better understood."

    Q: Would implementing several PCMs of different melting temperatures aid in the overall performance of the TES?

    A: "Let's say that we expect a slight drop in performance at lower temperatures, but we don't have many other tests to give you a more general opinion."

    Q: How is the PCM temperature measured throughout the entire storage to provide input to the PCDCube? Since the melting/solidification of PCM is not a homogenous process, are multiple measurements necessary to get a realistic status of the PCM?

    A: "In the documents that we have published, we do not specify that we have installed two temperature probes, one in the center and another one near the walls and it is evident that, when the final phase of the  discharge of the PCM approaches, the perimeter probe shows a decrease of more sudden temperature than the central one. We, however, assume that the fact of having installed our thermal battery outside the building in a very cold climate, has exaggerated the heat loss despite the low heat transmission."

    Q: Have you considered other PCM suppliers/products, since many are located in Europe and the RAL quality organization is based there?

    A: "This is a possibility, at least for the distribution of our products in Europe and Asia. Currently we try to separate the supply of the case with exchangers (that we manufacture) from the PCM with direct purchase of the client from the supplier, especially in the larger units."

    Q: What is the customer value proposition for this product? What is the expected return on investment/payback period?

    A: "This is a $1 million question; the proposal is certainly into the growing wave of the storage market, even the electrical ones for PV systems. (A Tesla Powerwall is cool but not economically advantageous if you don’t pay attention at the payback that is higher than the life of the battery). The best value proposition is to separate production from the consumption of the energy and take advantage of renewable energies which, unfortunately, are linked to the day / night cycle and the outdoor temperature conditions. We see perfect the combination HP + Thermal Battery because we can concentrate the HP working hours during the best outdoor conditions that, for many reasons, are affecting and reducing the performances.  Furthermore, we also see a large market in the use of these thermal batteries in all these existing systems which are undersized or which, due to specific situations of changing use of the building, are no longer able to provide the necessary heating or cooling to the whole plant. About the ROI, this really varies a lot country by country because the cost of the electricity has different rates and peak hours schedules. The industrial needs are sometimes much more interesting and attractive than the residential ones."

    Q: What are your plans for a commercial rollout?

    A: "We are completing the Italian sales force and are looking for international distributors. Our goal is to propose the range of products at an international level with distribution agreements for the case only with exchangers; it will obviously be our responsibility to direct the partner to some reliable and high-quality PCM manufacturers. Obviously, those who will quickly give us the opportunity to build pilot plants, demonstrating the technology, will have an advantage in introducing them into the market and in the exclusivity of the contractual relationship."

    PCM briefing: ThermoSafe-ACL Airshop agreement; new CEO at Phase Change Energy Solutions

    Ben Welter - Sunday, September 06, 2020

    Pegasus ULDSonoco ThermoSafe and ACL Airshop have announced a global agreementfor the handling and repair of ThermoSafe’s Pegasus ULD bulk temperature-controlled containers ACL Airshop, of Greenville, S.C., provides cargo support equipment and logistics solutions for airlines and air cargo carriers. Sonoco says the unit load device is made of composite materials that are lighter and more damage-resistant than traditional metal containers. It uses a gelled phase change material to maintain pharmaceutical-safe temperatures for five days or more, depending on the PCM used.

    Has long-term thermal energy storage come of age? That's the premise of a recent advertorial sponsored by Viking Cold Solutions on Greentech Media's website. The Houston company says its PCM-based system, designed for use in cold storage facilities, stores enough energy to cycle off refrigeration for up to 13 hours per day and reduce energy consumption by more than 25 percent. Not much new in the article, but the reader comment section might be of interest to people who are familiar with the technology.

    • A cycling club in Great Britain teamed up with Peli BioThermal this summer to deliver temperature-sensitive prescriptions to housebound people. The company supplied Banbury Star Cyclists with Crēdo ProMed temperature-controlled medical transport bags. The PCM-equipped bags are designed to transport pharmaceutical samples and medical supply payloads within two ranges, 2-8°C and 15-25°C.

    Phase Change Energy Solutions of Asheboro, N.C., has a new chief executive officer. Govi Rao, co-founder and managing partner at CARBON Group Global, joined the company in April. His predecessor, Dennis McGill, had held the position since December 2018.

    Sunamp Ltd. of Scotland has raised 4.5 million pounds in a Series A financing round led by Chilean venture capital firm Aurus Capital. Sunamp says it will use the funds to support commercial scaling in the United Kingdom and expansion in Central Europe, Asia and North America.

    • The 15th Conference on Advanced Building Skins will be held as scheduled Oct. 26-27 in Bern, Switzerland. "In the unlikely event that the conference will not take place, or the participant may not be able to travel," organizers say, "paid registration will be credited to our conference next year." The 12 sessions, with over 70 presentations, will also be available online.

    • A four-man canoe team put Glacier Tek's PCM-powered cooling vests to the test last month at the Missouri 340, a 340-mile paddle race from Kansas City to St. Charles, Mo. Team Mississippi, led by Scott Miller, 44, of Minneapolis, finished 11th overall in the race, completing the course in 44 hours, 38 minutes. The race drew more than 350 entries. Team members used the vests to cool down at checkpoints. Miller, second from left in the photo, plans to use the vests to battle the heat in the Great Alabama 650, which bills itself as the world's longest annual paddle race. That event begins Sept. 26 on the Coosa River in northern Alabama.

    Research roundup: Hysteresis; reflective roof coating; optimizing energy balance of nearly zero energy buildings; more

    Ben Welter - Monday, August 31, 2020

    From Journal of Molecular Liquids:

    The research progress on phase change hysteresis affecting the thermal characteristics of PCMs: A review

    From Journal of Building Engineering:

    Thermal behavior of a phase change material in a building roof with and without reflective coating in a warm humid zone

    From Renewable Energy:

    A comprehensive study on thermal storage characteristics of nano-CeO2 embedded phase change material and its influence on the performance of evacuated tube solar water heater

    From Sustainable Cities and Society:

    Numerical analysis of phase change materials for optimizing the energy balance of a nearly zero energy building

    From Journal of Energy Storage:

    Multi-objective optimization of cooling and heating loads in residential buildings integrated with phase change materials using the artificial neural network and genetic algorithm
    Assessing corrosive behaviour of commercial phase change materials in the 21–25 ºC temperature range
    Exergy and economic analyses of nanoparticle-enriched phase change material in an air heat exchanger for cooling of residential buildings
    Experimental and numerical investigation on enhancing heat transfer performance of a phase change thermal storage tank
    The effect of ultraviolet coating on containment and fire hazards of phase change materials impregnated wood structure

    From Energy Conversion and Management:

    Application of granular materials for void space reduction within packed bed thermal energy storage system filled with macro-encapsulated phase change materials

    From Chemical Engineering Journal:

    Simultaneous solar-thermal energy harvesting and storage via shape stabilized salt hydrate phase change material

    From Solar Energy:

    Characterization and cooling effect of a novel cement-based composite phase change material
    Effect of polymer-derived silicon carbonitride on thermal performances of polyethylene glycol based composite phase change materials

    From Case Studies in Thermal Engineering:

    Effect of porosity and pore density of copper foam on thermal performance of the paraffin-copper foam composite Phase-Change Material

    From Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews:

    A critical assessment on synergistic improvement in PCM based thermal batteries

    From Journal of Energy Resources Technology:

    Experimental Analysis of Salt Hydrate Latent Heat Thermal Energy Storage System With Porous Aluminum Fabric and Salt Hydrate as Phase Change Material With Enhanced Stability and Supercooling

    From Energy Sources:

    Experimental study on thermal management and performance improvement of solar PV panel cooling using form stable phase change material
    Experimental investigation of thermal performance of indirect mode solar dryer with phase change material for banana slices

    From Aalto University:

    Experimental design and investigation on a thermal energy storage system using phase change materials [thesis]

    From Journal of Applied Physics:

    Development of eco-sustainable plasters with thermal energy storage capability

    From Chemical Engineering Transactions:

    Thermal Performance of Phase Change Material Wallboard with Typical Structure: Artificial Controlled Condition Experimental Investigation

    From Materials Research Express:

    Fabrication of thermal energy storage wood based on graphene aerogel encapsulated polyethylene glycol as phase change material
    Preparation and characterization of acrylic resin encapsulated n-dodecanol microcapsule phase change material

    From ACS Sustainable Chemical Engineering:

    Synthesis and Characterization of Fatty Acid Amides from Commercial Vegetable Oils and Primary Alkyl Amines for Phase Change Material Applications

    From Carbohydrate Polymers:

    Fibrous form-stable phase change materials with high thermal conductivity fabricated by interfacial polyelectrolyte complex spinning

    From Materials Today: Proceedings:

    Effect of various phase change materials (paraffin wax/hydrogenated vegetable oil) packed in a fabricated shell and tube type heat exchanger

    From Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells:

    Composite phase change materials with heat transfer self-enhancement for thermal energy storage
    Novel network structural PEG/PAA/SiO2 composite phase change materials with strong shape stability for storing thermal energy

    From International Journal of Refrigeration:

    Improving the performance of household refrigerating appliances through the integration of phase change materials in the context of the new global refrigerator standard IEC 62552:2015

    From Advances in Colloid and Interface Science:

    Nanoencapsulation of phase change materials (PCMs) and their applications in various fields for energy storage and management

    From Building and Environment:

    Space heating performance of novel ventilated mortar blocks integrated with phase change material for floor heating

    From Energy:

    A promising form-stable phase change material composed of C/SiO2 aerogel and palmitic acid with large latent heat as short-term thermal insulation

    From Journal of Cleaner Production:

    Enhanced thermal storage capacity of paraffin/diatomite composite using oleophobic modification

    From International Conference on Renewable Energies for Developing Countries:

    Storage efficiency of paraffin-LDPE-MWCNT phase change material for industrial building applications

    PCM briefing: Ph.D. opening at University of Twente; Denver thermal conference moves online

    Ben Welter - Monday, May 11, 2020

    • The University of Twente, Netherlands, has an opening for a four-year Ph.D. position in phase change materials for heat storage. "This research project will try to introduce a smart composite material which can store the heat for both short and long-term storage time," according to the posting. "This smart material will be based on inorganic salt hydrates having controllable discharging speed which is very advantageous for future smart heat batteries." The starting salary is 2,325 euros per month, plus an annual 8.3% year-end bonus.

    • Because of uncertainties associated with the COVID-19 pandemic, the 2020 Advancements in Thermal Management conference, scheduled for Aug. 6-7 in Denver, will be held as a virtual event on the same dates. According to the conference website: "Thermal 2020 presentations will be webcast with live slide presentations, audio, and real-time Q&A. Attendees may revisit these presentations after the event via recordings delivered directly to them. Exhibit booths feature rich, virtual profiles. Networking is done all-day via video conference rooms and though scheduled 1x1 meetings." A full conference pass costs $295 through June 12.

    Peli BioThermal says air ambulance crews in Europe are transporting blood products via the company's Credo ProMed transport bags. The temperature-controlled bags are designed to protect blood products needed for transfusions at emergency scenes.

     • Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory are working to integrate a new thermal energy storage technology within CHP systems from Capstone Turbine Corp. to boost heat recovery. In the Argonne system, high-temperature PCMs are embedded within highly thermally conductive foam. The foam is then sealed with inert gas inside a module, preventing moisture or oxygen from getting inside and degrading the components.

    Research roundup: Polythioether-based PCMS; alginate encapsulation; temperature stresses in concrete pavement; more

    Ben Welter - Friday, May 08, 2020

    From European Polymer Journal:

    Extremely fast synthesis of polythioether based phase change materials (PCMs) for thermal energy storage

    From Journal of Building Engineering:

    Thermal behavior analysis of hollow bricks filled with phase-change material (PCM)

    From Energies:

    FEM Applied to Building Physics: Modeling Solar Radiation and Heat Transfer of PCM Enhanced Test Cells

    From Iranian Polymer Journal:

    Encapsulation of phase change materials with alginate modified by nanostructured sodium carbonate and silicate

    From Energy & Fuels:

    Aluminium ammonium sulfate dodecahydrate with multiple additives as composite phase change materials for thermal energy storage

    From Materials Today: Proceedings:

    Evaluation and reduction of temperature stresses in concrete pavement by using phase changing material
    Optimization of Heat Energy Based on Phase Change Materials used in Solar Collector using Taguchi Method
    Experimental and Theoretical Investigations on Thermal Conductivity of the Paraffin Wax using CuO Nanoparticles

    From Journal of Energy Storage:

    Novel synthesis of silica coated palmitic acid nanocapsules for thermal energy storage
    Recent progress in phase change materials storage containers: Geometries, design considerations and heat transfer improvement methods
    Effect of phase separation and supercooling on the storage capacity in a commercial latent heat thermal energy storage: Experimental cycling of a salt hydrate PCM
    Energy efficiency optimization of the waste heat recovery system with embedded phase change materials in greenhouses: A thermo-economic-environmental study
    Characterization of innovative mortars with direct incorporation of phase change materials

    From Applied Thermal Engineering:

    A trade study of a phase change system in a stratospheric airship based on a triple gasbag concept
    Experimental evaluation of structural insulated panels outfitted with phase change materials
    Lattice Boltzmann simulation of melting heat transfer in a composite phase change material

    From Geothermics:

    Parametric modeling and simulation of low temperature energy storage for cold-climate multi-family residences using a geothermal heat pump system with integrated phase change material storage tank

    From Energy:

    Multi-level uncertainty optimisation on phase change materials integrated renewable systems with hybrid ventilations and active cooling
    A novel solar thermal system combining with active phase-change material heat storage wall (STS-APHSW): Dynamic model, validation and thermal performance

    From Advances in Energy Research:

    Theoretical Modeling of Phase Change Material-Based Space Heating Using Solar Energy

    From Chemical Engineering Journal:

    High latent heat and recyclable form-stable phase change materials prepared via a facile self-template method

    From Composites Part B: Engineering:

    In situ one-step construction of monolithic silica aerogel-based composite phase change materials for thermal protection

    From Solar Energy:

    Effects of external insulation component on thermal performance of a Trombe wall with phase change materials

    From Journal of Architectural Engineering:

    Experimental and Numerical Thermal Properties Investigation of Cement-Based Materials Modified with PCM for Building Construction Use

    From Energy Conversion and Management:

    Experimental and numerical study on the thermal performance of ventilated roof composed with multiple phase change material (VR-MPCM)

    From Construction and Building Materials:

    Multi-scale analysis on thermal properties of cement-based materials containing micro-encapsulated phase change materials

    From Applied Energy:

    D-mannitol@silica/graphene oxide nanoencapsulated phase change material with high phase change properties and thermal reliability
    Novel bio-based phase change materials with high enthalpy for thermal energy storage

    From Materials Today Energy:

    A detailed review on heat transfer rate, supercooling, thermal stability and reliability of nanoparticle dispersed organic phase change material for low-temperature applications

    From International Journal of Thermal Sciences:

    Experimental study and assessment of high-tech thermal energy storing radiant floor heating system with latent heat storage materials

    From Advanced Powder Technology:

    Paraffin core-polymer shell micro-encapsulated phase change materials and expanded graphite particles as an enhanced energy storage medium in heat exchangers

    Patent application: Thermal energy storage apparatus

    Ben Welter - Tuesday, March 24, 2020

    TES patent drawingU.S. patent application 20200088473 (applicant Climate Change Technologies Pty. Ltd., Wayville, Australia):

    "A thermal energy storage apparatus, including: a block of a heat-absorbing material, the block defining at least one receptacle and being a contiguous block of compressed sintered graphite; and a phase change material stored in the or each receptacle, the phase change material being one that expands as it cools, wherein separation of side walls of the or each receptacle progressively increases as they extend upwardly from the base, whereby as the phase change material solidifies and expands it is urged upwardly to reduce pressure applied to the heat-absorbing material."

    PCM briefing: EnergyNest is finalist for startup award; Croda website offers live chat

    Ben Welter - Tuesday, March 24, 2020

    EnergyNest is one of 15 start-ups nominated as finalists of the Start Up Energy Transition Award 2020. EnergyNest's thermal battery consists of steel cassettes with pipes encased in a special type of concrete. The Norwegian company announced earlier this year that an EnergyNest battery with a capacity of 6-8 MWh would be installed at a brick manufacturing plant in Austria.

    • "T-History Simplified: Combining a Universal Standard with an IoT Strategy," presented by Madison Hammerberg, product development engineering manager at CAVU Group, will be among the presentations at the Advancements in Thermal Management conference in Denver, Aug. 6-7, 2020.

    Croda now offers live chat on its CrodaTherm website, The "Chat with a Croda Expert" feature is designed to provide visitors with "instant support."

    Terrafore Technologies of Minneapolis is one of 13 companies to be awarded a Launch Minnesota Innovation Grant from the state's Department of Employment and Economic Development. The grants total $344,000; the amounts of individual grants were not disclosed. Terrafore is developing thermal energy storage to provide dispatchable solar power generation to the grid.

    RayGen Resources Pty. Ltd. of Australia has been awarded $3 million AUD toward a feasibility study for a 4 MW “solar hydro” power plant in Victoria. The money will come from the Australian Renewable Energy Agency. RayGen's system extracts heat from solar panels and stores it in a water reservoir acting as a heat store. The hot reservoir is paired with cold reservoir chilled by electricity from the solar panels and the grid. The temperature difference powers an Organic Rankine Cycle engine to generate electricity with a round-trip efficiency of 70%.

    • The Swedish thermal energy storage company Azelio has completed the installation of "a system that will store solar energy from what is claimed to be the world’s largest concentrated solar power plant project," Energy Storage Journal reports. "The complex [in Morocco] is 2,500 hectares in size, and solar panels cover 1,000 square metres — which means it could potentially harvest a total of 2.6GW a year." The system uses recycled aluminum as the heat storage material.

    Sunamp Ltd. of Edinburgh, Scotland, has signed a memo of understanding with Ripple Energy, a company that enables customers to part-own large-scale wind farms to power their homes. Under the agreement, Ripple will offer its customers Sunamp heat batteries, which use a specially formulated phase change material to store large amounts of energy from renewable and other sources and release it as heat to deliver hot water and space heating as needed.

    Research roundup: Corn oil PCM in frozen food cooling machine; portable solar box cooker; expanded graphite/1-octadecanol composite; more

    Ben Welter - Saturday, March 21, 2020

    From Journal of Physics:

    Corn oil phase change material (PCM) in frozen food cooling machine to improve energy efficiency

    From Materials Today: Proceedings:

    Investigating thermal properties of Nanoparticle Dispersed Paraffin (NDP) as phase change material for thermal energy storage

    From Energy:

    Effects of fluctuating thermal sources on a shell-and-tube latent thermal energy storage during charging process

    From Solar Energy:

    Design, realization, and tests of a portable solar box cooker coupled with an erythritol-based PCM thermal energy storage
    Diversiform microstructure silicon carbides stabilized stearic acid as composite phase change materials

    From International Journal of Thermofluids:

    Investigating the performance of a thermal energy storage unit with paraffin as phase change material, targeting buildings’ cooling needs: an experimental approach

    From Journal of Cleaner Production:

    Energy and exergy analysis of wind farm integrated with compressed air energy storage using multi-stage phase change material

    From Powder Technology:

    Effect of nano-SiC on thermal properties of expanded graphite/1-octadecanol composite materials for thermal energy storage

    From Journal of Energy Storage:

    A multi-objective optimal design method for thermal energy storage systems with PCM: A case study for outdoor swimming pool heating application
    Reducing PV module temperature with radiation based PV module incorporating composite phase change material
    Numerical investigation on the effect of fin design on the melting of phase change material in a horizontal shell and tube thermal energy storage

    From Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry:

    Characterization of form-stable phase-change material for solar photovoltaic cooling

    From International Journal of Thermophysics:

    Thermophysical Properties of a Novel Nanoencapsulated Phase Change Material

    From International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer:

    Lattice Boltzmann simulation of forced convection melting of a composite phase change material with heat dissipation through an open-ended channel
    High power density thermal energy storage using additively manufactured heat exchangers and phase change material

    From Energies:

    Evaluation of the State of Charge of a Solid/Liquid Phase Change Material in a Thermal Energy Storage Tank [pdf]
    Novel Simulation Algorithm for Modeling the Hysteresis of Phase Change Materials [pdf]

    From Energy & Fuels:

    Novel shape-stabilized phase change materials based on paraffin/EPDM@graphene with high thermal conductivity and low leakage rate

    From Polymers and Polymer Composites:

    Regulating phase-change temperatures of form-stable phase-change ternary composite fibrous membranes consisting of polystyrene nanofibers and fatty acid eutectics via co-electrospinning method

    From Applied Energy:

    A design protocol for enhanced discharge exergy in phase change material heat battery
    Fabrication of heat storage pellets composed of microencapsulated phase change material for high-temperature applications
    A high-thermal-conductivity, high-durability phase-change composite using a carbon fibre sheet as a supporting matrix

    From Journal of Building Engineering:

    Preparation and characterization of metal-organic framework /microencapsulated phase change material composites for indoor hygrothermal control

    From Indoor and Built Environment:

    Numerical and experimental investigation on dynamic thermal performance of floor heating system with phase change material for thermal storage

    From Applied Clay Science:

    A triply synergistic method for palygorskite activation to effectively impregnate phase change materials (PCMs) for thermal energy storage

    From Chemical Engineering Journal:

    Lignin-fatty acid hybrid nanocapsules for scalable thermal energy storage in phase-change materials

    From Construction and Building Materials:

    Phase change materials for pavement applications: A review

    From Carbohydrate Polymers:

    Shape-stabilization of polyethylene glycol phase change materials with chitin nanofibers for applications in “smart” windows

    PCM briefing: Ice Energy files for bankruptcy; Viking Cold has opening for thermal engineer

    Ben Welter - Monday, February 10, 2020

    Ice Energy, the Santa Barbara, Calif., company that made and distributed ice-based thermal energy storage systems, has filed for bankruptcy. The company's Ice Bear system makes ice at night when demand for electricity is low and capacity is abundant. During the day, the stored ice is used to provide cooling. Details of the Chapter 7 bankruptcy, filed in December, are sparse. The company's website is no longer active. Over the years, Ice Energy had won several major energy storage and distribution contracts with utilities, and had begun marketing a smaller version of the Ice Bear system aimed at retail customers. 

    Viking Cold Solutions has an opening for a chemical/thermal engineer in Houston. The engineer will "conduct research in Thermal Science, Storage/Heat Transfer and Phase Change Materials (PCM) for low temperature applications (<10⁰C)."

    Axiom Exergy has secured more than $1 million in orders for the Axiom Cloud, a software platform that helps manage energy consumption in supermarkets and cold storage facilities that use the company's PCM-powered thermal storage systems.

    • The 2020 Advancements in Thermal Management conference, to be held Aug. 6-7 in Denver, has issued a call for presentations. Topics include thermal materials, thermal modeling and characterization and measurement of thermal materials. Abstracts are due Feb. 12.

    EnergyNest will install a large thermal energy storage battery at a Senftenbacher brick factory in Austria. The system will temporarily store excess energy in the form of hot air from a tunnel furnace. The stored heat be converted to steam and later reused in production.

    Devan Chemicals, the Belgium-based developer of finishing technologies for textiles, introduced its Tones of Cool Bio technology at the Heimtextil trade show in Frankfurt, Germany, last month. The technology "stimulates the textile to dissipate redundant heat from the body and to instantly reduce the body temperature," the company says. The phase change materials "are derived from sustainable, natural sources.

    Registration is open for the 23rd Microencapsulation Industrial Convention to be held June 8-11 in Rotterdam, Netherlands.

    Research roundup: Carbonized waste tires; cetyl palmitate/nickel foam; hydrated salt corrosion assessment; more

    Ben Welter - Tuesday, January 14, 2020

    From Waste Management:

    Evaluation of carbonized waste tire for development of novel shape stabilized composite phase change material for thermal energy storage

    From Journal of Energy Storage:

    Development of polyurethane foam incorporating phase change material for thermal energy storage
    Facile synthesis and thermal performance of cetyl palmitate/nickel foam composite phase change materials for thermal energy storage
    Optimal sizing design and operation of electrical and thermal energy storage systems in smart buildings

    From Energy Conversion and Management:

    Numerical investigation of the effects of the nano-enhanced phase change materials on the thermal and electrical performance of hybrid PV/thermal systems
    Thermal storage and thermal management properties of a novel ventilated mortar block integrated with phase change material for floor heating: an experimental study

    From Applied Energy:

    Wood-based composite phase change materials with self-cleaning superhydrophobic surface for thermal energy storage

    From Renewable Energy:

    Corrosion assessment of promising hydrated salts as sorption materials for thermal energy storage systems
    Experimental study on latent thermal energy storage system with gradient porosity copper foam for mid-temperature solar energy application
    Selection of a phase change material and its thickness for application in walls of buildings for solar-assisted steam curing of precast concrete
    Experimental assessment of Phase Change Material (PCM) embedded bricks for passive conditioning in buildings

    From Applied Thermal Engineering:

    Analysis of energy retrofit system using latent heat storage materials applied to residential buildings considering climate impacts
    Experimental and numerical simulation of phase change process for paraffin/expanded graphite/ethylene-vinyl acetate ternary composite
    An experimental investigation on the evaporation of polystyrene encapsulated phase change composite material based nanofluids

    From Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells:

    Lightweight mesoporous carbon fibers with interconnected graphitic walls for supports of form-stable phase change materials with enhanced thermal conductivity

    From Energies:

    The Effects of Fin Parameters on the Solidification of PCMs in a Fin-Enhanced Thermal Energy Storage System

    From Journal of Materials Science:

    Graphene aerogel-based phase changing composites for thermal energy storage systems

    From Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology:

    A study on development of the thermal storage type plate heat exchanger including PCM layer

    From Journal of Power Sources:

    Delayed liquid cooling strategy with phase change material to achieve high temperature uniformity of Li-ion battery under high-rate discharge

    From Scientific Reports:

    Modification of asphalt mixtures for cold regions using microencapsulated phase change materials

    From ASES National Solar Conference:

    A Study on the Thermal Energy Storage System Using Multiple PCMs [pdf]

    From Molecules:

    Assessment of Thermal Performance of Textile Materials Modified with PCM Microcapsules Using Combination of DSC and Infrared Thermography Methods

    From Energy and Buildings:

    Experimental study on thermal performance of a mobilized thermal energy storage system: A case study of hydrated salt latent heat storage

    From Chemical Engineering Journal:

    Shape-stabilized hydrated salt/paraffin composite phase change materials for advanced thermal energy storage and management

    From International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer:

    A conjugate heat transfer model for unconstrained melting of macroencapsulated phase change materials subjected to external convection